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What is the difference between a real and a nominal exchange rate? Introduction We know that it is important to ask the question “how much can one take on as an investment margin to improve the quality of the market and impact adversely on the rate quoted for a particular sector?” To understand the value proposition for this question, let’s take a look at a paper published in July 2012 that provides an example of how the valuation of the currency in different countries can change the value of the exchange rate. The paper showed that central banks in developing countries have calculated a market value of about $2,600,000 and the rate of discount has moved up to $4,750,000 (more per dollar). Thus a nominal exchange rate for 2.2% per transfer is worth 60 cents, so we are looking at how much inflation could serve to boost the rate: Currency Market Value The country has the lion’s share as you can see from the figure : Canada has a currency, Quebec is the first central bank in Canada to do so. In terms of the currency exchange rate, each of the provinces of Canada is between $5 and $9 per dollar. Whereas for the central bank, we have a slightly higher rate of $$115 per pound. Where are the risks? The paper also shows that inflation could be one of the reasons to boost rate (which it is). However, since there was a time when the central bank was looking for the “economic value of the currency” (which turned out NOT to be in the article anyway), here are the questions that have emerged from the research paper (and you can read the paper in PDF file format!). The paper showed that central institutions, such as banks and investment banks, can increase their rate of inflation (though inflation is slower and less effective than growth). In other words, since they have no demand for their currency, they don’t have a demand for inflation.